- (1858-1917)social theoristOne of the founders of modern sociology, Émile Durkheim was born in Épinal and graduated from the École normale supérieure in Paris. He began his career teaching social sciences, first at the university of Bordeaux and later at the university of Paris. In the line of auguste comte's positivism, Durkheim believed that the scientific method should be applied to the study of society. He proposed that groups had characteristics that varied from those of individuals and was also concerned with the basis of social stability, mores, and religion. Values, he believed, were the bonds that held the social order together. Their breakdown leads to the loss of one's individual stability and to feelings of anxiety and dissatisfaction. In this light, he explained suicide as a result of the lack of integration into society. In his work, Durkheim often applied anthropological themes and approaches, especially of aboriginal societies, to support his theories. His principal works include De la division du travail social (1893), Regles de la méthode sociologique (1895), Le Suicide (1897), Les Formes élémentaires de la vie religieuse: le système totémique en Australie (1912).
France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.
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DURKHEIM, ÉMILE — (1858–1917), French sociologist. Born in Epinal (Lorraine), France, of a long line of rabbinical ancestors, Durkheim initially prepared himself for the rabbinate. Although he never wrote directly on a Jewish topic, the interest in law, ethnology … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Durkheim, Émile — Durk·heim (dûrkʹhīm, dür kĕmʹ), Émile. 1858 1917. French social scientist and a founder of sociology who is known for his study of social values and alienation. His important works include The Rules of Sociological Method (1895). * * * born April … Universalium
Durkheim, Émile — (1858 1917) The most famous French sociologist, long acknowledged as the founding figure of functionalism, but more recently hailed by leading authorities on structuralism , sociolinguistics (see conversation analysis ), and post modernism , all… … Dictionary of sociology
Durkheim, Emile — (1858–1917) Philosopher. Durkheim was born in Epinal, Lorraine, of a Jewish family and was educated as a sociologist in Paris. Subsequently he taught at the Universities of Bordeaux and Paris. In the history of Christianity, he is primarily … Who’s Who in Christianity
Durkheim, Émile — (1858–1917) French sociologist. Durkheim was educated in philosophy at the École Normale Supérieure in Paris, and gained his first university post at Bordeaux in 1887. He held a chair at the Sorbonne from 1902 until his death. Although his… … Philosophy dictionary
Durkheim, Émile — ► (1858 1917) Sociólogo francés. Según él, la psicología es el punto de encuentro de lo biológico y lo social. Obras: Sobre la división del trabajo social (1893), El suicidio y Estudio de sociología (1897), entre otras. * * * (abr. 1858, Epinal,… … Enciclopedia Universal
Durkheim, Emile — (1858–1917) French sociologist. A member of a rabbinical family in Lorraine, Durkheim became the most influential European sociologist of his time. He occupied chairs first at Bordeaux and then at the Sorbonne in Paris and founded and edited… … Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament
Durkheim, Emile — (1858 1917) French sociologist. He was born in Epinal. He became professor of sociology at the University of Bordeaux in 1887, and in 1902 he was appointed professor of sociology and education at the Sorbonne. He founded and edited L annee… … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
Durkheim — Durkheim, Émile … Philosophy dictionary
Durkheim — Durkheim, Émile … Enciclopedia Universal